Top 10 Breakthrough Emerging Technologies of 2019

Top 10 Breakthrough Emerging Technologies of 2019

Top 10 Breakthrough Emerging Technologies of 2019

We are sure you will surprise to know Top 10 Breakthrough Emerging Technologies of 2019. Innovative technologies of the past year will one day allow a hug with a person who is on another continent. Cure Alzheimer's disease and use DNA instead of a flash drive to store information are included in top 10 breakthrough emerging technologies of 2019.

Top 10 Breakthrough Emerging Technologies of 2019

Scientific American editors, together with analysts from the World Economic Forum, interviewed leading technology experts to identify the most interesting and useful discoveries of 2019.

Take a look below Top 10 Breakthrough Emerging Technologies of 2019

1.  Bioplastics

Plastic debris accumulating in the oceans is the cause of death of marine animals, plants and even the source of human diseases (micro plastics can enter the body through fish). Bioplastics can solve these problems, contributing to the development of a cyclical economy - it decomposes and turns into biomass. Today, bioplastics are made from corn, sugarcane, and waste fats and oils, but it is not very durable and also ugly.

A recent development is a method of making plastic from cellulose and lignin (a substance that characterizes, for example, stiff walls of plants). Bioplastics obtained from non-food plant varieties (for example, giant reed) are not inferior in quality to ordinary plastic.

2. Social Robots

217 thousand professional service robots were sold in 2018, which is 61% more than in 2017. And sales continue to grow - not least thanks to social robots. They are needed to interact with people who need communication, care, and care. Social robots are equipped with artificial intelligence, which helps them “understand” how to respond to information received through cameras and sensors.

For example, the humanoid robot Pepper (from SoftBank Robotics) recognizes faces, basic human emotions and participates in a conversation through a touch screen on the "chest". Social robots are especially needed by the elderly. The seal-like PARO robot, developed by the Japan National Institute of Advanced Industrial Sciences and Technology, relieves stress in people with Alzheimer's disease. He responds to his name with his head movements and responds to affection. And the Mabu robot (Catalia Health) reminds older people to walk and take medicine more often.

3. Metal

Every year, devices become more compact, but their optical components are not reduced at such a high speed. Engineers found out what physical laws are behind their lightweight alternatives - metal. Their miniature size will reduce the size of cameras, optical sensors for the Internet of things, microscopes and other equipment. In addition, scientists have developed metal cases that correct astigmatism in humans.

4. Potential Alzheimer's Cure

Several decades ago, scientists discovered a special class of proteins that cause many diseases: from cancer to neurodegenerative diseases. They are called “internally disordered proteins” (VLB). They play an important role in parts of cells called membrane-less organelles. Scientists have developed a technology for manipulating these organelles, thanks to which, probably, it will be possible to find drugs for diseases that cause VLB. It's known as the best Breakthrough Emerging Technologies of 2019.

5. Smart Fertilizer

Standard fertilizer methods often harm the environment. A new development is fertilizers with the controlled release of substances that supply the soil with substances when necessary. They consist of small capsules, the outer shell of which slows the penetration of water into the contents.

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6. Telepresence Technology

Telepresence technology is under development, but leading technology giants such as Microsoft are investing in this industry. It is expected that by 2025 it will be valued at several billion dollars. The XPRIZE Peter Diamandis Foundation has announced the launch of the ANPR Avatar XPRIZE contest. Its winner will receive funds for the development of technologies that will allow people to feel each other's presence, even if they are on different ends of the Earth.

7. Blockchain to Track Food Poisoning

You can reduce the number of food poisoning using the blockchain. An innovative method of using this tool in industry is used to track products. With the help of blockchain, sellers can immediately take out spoiled food from circulation and destroy only stocks received from the same source. In addition, some companies have begun producing packaging with sensors that monitor product quality and indicate expiration dates.

8. Safe Nuclear Reactors

Many manufacturers (e.g. Westinghouse Electric Company, Framatome) are pushing for the development of nuclear fuel that is resistant to overheating. Such fuel almost does not produce hydrogen or produces very little of it. The latest models of nuclear reactors use liquid sodium or molten salt instead of water for cooling, which cannot produce hydrogen.

9. DNA Data Storage

A hard drive or flash drive may get lost or become outdated, so scientists have found an alternative to traditional storage media and this is DNA. Information about the body, which is stored in DNA, is read, synthesized and copied without difficulty. And the latest advances in sequencing (that is, determining the amino acid and nucleotide sequences) of DNA is the use of barcoding when the DNA sequence is used as markers of molecular identification. Thanks to this, scientists have advanced in the invention of new methods of treatment and in the fight against drug resistance. It is considered one of the best Breakthrough Emerging Technologies of 2019.

10. Network Energy Storage

Energy experts predict that over the next decade, lithium-ion batteries will be used most often. Constantly improving technologies will lead to the fact that batteries will soon be able to store twice as much energy stock than now.

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